Steps to Abolition

How do we go about getting rid of nuclear weapons?

1. A legal obligation to ban nuclear weapons

2. An agreement to ban testing

3. An agreement to eliminate nuclear explosive materials

4. Nuclear weapons-free zones

5. Reductions in nuclear warheads

6. An agreed process for disarmament

7. No cheating

8. Negotiation of an agreement among all states which:

  • defines the process for eliminating nuclear weapons
  • prohibits further development, stockpiling, use and threat of use

9. Securing and destroying nuclear weapons and materials

10. Do you want more information?

11. Is momentum building for a global ban on nuclear weapons?

Towards a Nuclear Weapons Convention: A Role for Canada (Experts Seminar)

Towards a Nuclear Weapons Convention: A Role for Canada (April 11-12, 2011, Ottawa)

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Media Release, April 17, 2011
Experts urge Canadian leadership to ban nuclear weapons

(Ottawa) The Canadian government should join a new international effort to construct a global legal ban on all nuclear weapons, concluded disarmament experts meeting in Ottawa.

“Canada should host a meeting of governments and civil society experts to prepare for negotiations for universal, verifiable and irreversible nuclear disarmament as called for by UN Secretary General Ban Ki-Moon,” said former Senator Douglas Roche, Canada’s former UN Ambassador for Disarmament.

Five Canadian civil society organizations urged the Canadian government to act on motions already adopted by both the Senate and the House of Commons calling on the government “to deploy a major worldwide Canadian diplomatic initiative” for nuclear disarmament.

The expert seminar, held April 11th and 12th, was attended by diplomats from 20 embassies, parliamentarians, and government officials to consider the threat posed to Canadians and all global citizens by the 22,000 nuclear weapons still in existence.

Calling for negotiations to start on a legal ban on all nuclear weapons, Sergio Duarte, High Representative for Disarmament at the U.N., said use of any nuclear weapon would be “an egregious violation of the most fundamental tenets of international humanitarian law and the laws of war.”

Amb. Richard Butler, Middle Powers Initiative chairman, said Canada has a special role to play because it has the standing to stimulate informal discussions on the legal, technical and political requisites for a nuclear weapons free world that can set the stage for major international negotiations later on. He said the Middle Powers Organization would be prepared to work with Canada in going forward.

Diplomats from the UK, Switzerland, Mexico and Austria responded to H.R. Duarte. Nicolas Brühl, Deputy Head of Mission, Embassy of Switzerland stated: “[Nuclear weapons] are fundamentally immoral because they cause massive and indiscriminate destruction in terms of human lives, material resources and consequences for the environment. They are illegal by their very nature with regard to international humanitarian law.”

Dr. John Burroughs of Lawyers Committee on Nuclear Policy noted the recent Vancouver Declaration that clarifies that both the use, and threat of use, of nuclear weapons breach international humanitarian law.

“A practical and single-focused process leading to a global legal ban on nuclear weapons provides the way to safely rid the world of all nuclear weapons in a secure manner.” said Beverley Delong of Lawyers for Social Responsibility. “And Canada has a unique opportunity to lead the way.”

This seminar was sponsored by the Canadian Network to Abolish Nuclear Weapons, Canadian Pugwash, Physicians for Global Survival, Project Ploughshares, and World Federalist Movement – Canada.

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Contacts:
The Hon. Douglas Roche, O.C., former Canadian Ambassador for Disarmament at (780) 466-8072 or cell (780) 984-8292

Mr. Ernie Regehr, O.C., Research Fellow, Institute for Peace and Conflict Studies, Conrad Grebel University College, University of Waterloo
at phone 519-579-4735 or Mobile: 519-591-4421


Communiqué, 17 avril 2011
Des experts pressent les leaders canadiens d’interdire les armes nucléaires

Ottawa — Le gouvernement canadien devrait participer à un nouvel effort international pour organiser une interdiction juridique mondiale de toutes les armes nucléaires, concluent des experts en désarmement réunis à Ottawa

« Le Canada devrait accueillir une assemblée de gouvernements et d’experts de la société civile pour préparer des négociations en vue d’un désarmement universel, vérifiable et irréversible, comme réclamé par le Secrétaire général de l’ONU, M. Ban Ki-Moon », a déclaré le Sénateur Douglas Roche, ancien ambassadeur canadien pour le désarmement auprès de l’ONU.

Cinq organisations de la société civile canadienne ont pressé le gouvernement canadien de donner suite à des motions déjà adoptées par le Sénat et la Chambre des communes, appelant le gouvernement à « déployer une initiative diplomatique mondiale majeure » en faveur du désarmement nucléaire.
La conférence d’experts, tenue les 11 et 12 avril, a réuni des diplomates venus de 20 ambassades, des parlementaires et des hauts fonctionnaires pour étudier les menaces que font peser sur les Canadiens et tous les citoyens du monde les 22 000 armes nucléaires encore en existence.

Appelant au lancement de négociations en vue de l’interdiction légale de toutes les armes nucléaires, M. Sergio Duarte, haut représentant pour le désarmement à l’ONU, a déclaré que toute utilisation d’une arme nucléaire constituerait « une violation flagrante des principes les plus fondamentaux du droit humanitaire international et du droit de la guerre. »

L’ambassadeur Richard Butler, président de l’Initiative des moyennes puissances, a déclaré que le Canada a un rôle spécial à jouer parce qu’il a la stature pour stimuler des discussions informelles sur les exigences juridiques, techniques et politiques d’un monde libre d’armes nucléaires, capables de mettre la table en vue de futures négociations internationales de grande envergure. Il a ajouté que l’Organisation des moyennes puissances serait prête à travailler avec le Canada à faire progresser cette initiative.

Des diplomates du Royaume-Uni, de la Suisse, du Mexique et de l’Autriche ont fait écho aux propos de M. Duarte. Nicolas Brühl, chef de mission adjoint à l’ambassade de Suisse, a renchéri : « Les armes nucléaires sont fondamentalement immorales parce qu’elles causent des destructions massives et indiscriminées en termes de vies humaines, de ressources matérielles et de conséquences pour l’environnement. Elles sont illégales par leur nature même au regard du doit humanitaire international. »

M. John Burroughs du Lawyers Committee on Nuclear Policy a rappelé que la récente Déclaration de Vancouver établit clairement que l’utilisation comme la menace d’utilisation des armes nucléaires constituent toutes deux des infractions à la loi humanitaire internationale.

« Un processus pragmatique et dirigé vers l’objectif pointu d’une interdiction juridique mondiale de toutes les armes nucléaires — voilà la façon de débarrasser le monde de toutes les armes nucléaires de manière sécuritaire », ajoute Beverley Delong du Lawyers for Social Reponsibility. « Et le Canada jouit d’une occasion unique d’ouvrir la voie. »

Cette conférence a été rendue possible grâce aux efforts conjoints du Réseau canadien pour l’abolition des armes nucléaires, du Canadian Pugwash Group, des Médecins pour la survie mondiale, du Projet Ploughshares, et du Mouvement fédéraliste mondial (Canada).

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Contacts:
L’Hon. Douglas Roche, O.C., ancien ambassadeur canadien pour le désarmement, tél. (780) 466-8072 ou cel. (780) 984-8292

M. Ernie Regehr, O.C., chercheur associé, Institute for Peace and Conflict Studies, Conrad Grebel University College, Université de Waterloo,
tél. 519-579-4735 ou cel. 519-591-4421

Historic motion passed in Canadian Parliament

Historic motion passed in Canadian Parliament

The Canadian Network to Abolition Nuclear Weapons (CNANW) is very pleased to advise that the House of Commons passed a unanimous historic motion on December 7, 2010 that supports the Senate’s motion in June for Canada to engage in negotiations for a nuclear weapons convention.

Thanks goes to the cooperative and hard work of a long list of people. The Senate motion was in response to a call by 537 members of the Order of Canada for Canada to support the Nuclear Weapons Convention. These 537 were organized by Murray Thomson O.C., the Hon. Doug Roche O.C., and Prof. Dr. John Polanyi C.C. Their appeal was supported by Senators Hugh Segal C.M., Nancy Ruth C.M., and Romeo Dallaire O.C.; Members of Parliament Bill Siksay (Canadian Coordinator for Parliamentarians for Nuclear Non-Proliferation and Disarmament), Libby Davies, and John Baird; Ernie Regehr O.C., and the 537 Order of Canada recipients who have spoken out for a Nuclear Weapons Convention.

The text is in Hansard and available at: http://www2.parl.gc.ca/HousePublications/Publication.aspx?Pub=hansard&Language=E&Mode=1&Parl=40&Ses=3&DocId=4859171&File=0
(search for “Nuclear”).

The motion:

That the House of Commons:

(a) recognize the danger posed by the proliferation of nuclear materials and technology to peace and security;

(b) endorse the statement, signed by 500 members, officers and companions of the Order of Canada, underlining the importance of addressing the challenge of more intense nuclear proliferation and the progress of and opportunity for nuclear disarmament;

(c) endorse the 2008 five point plan for nuclear disarmament of Mr. Ban Ki-Moon, Secretary-General of the United Nations and encourage the Government of Canada to engage in negotiations for a nuclear weapons convention as proposed by the United Nations Secretary-General;

(d) support the initiatives for nuclear disarmament of President Obama of the United States of America;

(e) commend the decision of the Government of Canada to participate in the landmark Nuclear Security Summit and encourage the Government of Canada to deploy a major world-wide Canadian diplomatic initiative in support of preventing nuclear proliferation and increasing the rate of nuclear disarmament;

Que la Chambre des communes:

a) reconnaisse le risque que pose la prolifération des matières et de la technologie nucléaires pour la paix et la sécurité;

b) approuve la déclaration, signée par 500 membres, officiers et compagnons de l’Ordre du Canada, soulignant l’importance de s’attaquer au problème de la prolifération nucléaire dont l’intensité s’accroît, de suivre l’évolution du dossier du désarmement nucléaire et de tenir compte des possibilités dans ce domaine;

c) approuve les cinq initiatives sur le désarmement nucléaire proposées en 2008 par M. Ban Ki-Moon, secrétaire général des Nations Unies, et incite le gouvernement du Canada à entamer des négociations sur le désarmement nucléaire en vue de conclure une entente comme le propose le secrétaire général des Nations Unies;

d) appuie les initiatives du président des États- Unis, M. Obama, sur le désarmement nucléaire;

e) salue la décision du gouvernement du Canada de participer au sommet historique sur la sécurité nucléaire et l’incite à mettre en œuvre une importante initiative diplomatique canadienne à l’échelle mondiale en appui à la prévention de la prolifération nucléaire et à l’accroissement du taux de désarmement nucléaire.

The motions adopted in the Canadian Senate and House of Commons are part of a growing number of such resolutions in parliaments around the world (See Resolutions adopted or pending in national and regional parliaments supporting the NWC and/or the UN Secretary-General’s five-point plan on nuclear disarmament).

You can send letters at these addresses to:

Prime Minister, Stephen Harper: Harper.S@parl.gc.ca
Minister of Foreign Affairs, Peter MacKay: MacKay.P@parl.gc.ca
Minister of Defence, Lawrence Cannon: Cannon.L@parl.gc.ca
Other MPs: http://webinfo.parl.gc.ca/MembersOfParliament/MainMPsCompleteList.aspx?TimePeriod=C
Senators: http://www.parl.gc.ca/common/senmemb/senate/isenator.asp?Language=E

Commentaries:

Ernie Regehr, Canada’s Parliament Endorses a Nuclear Weapons Convention
The full story on how that came to be is yet to be told; in the meantime see the full resolution and a note on the work it supports and mandates.

Ernie Regehr, More on NATO’s Strategic Concept: Forward steps amid lost opportunities
A year ago a group of NGOs hosted an Ottawa experts seminar that, among other things, addressed the NATO Strategic Concept that was then under review. As you know, a new Strategic Concept has been approved, and while it certainly doesn’t make all the changes that are required, it does make a number of specific changes that we recommended a year ago.

Douglas Roche, Non-proliferation meets non-partisanship, Embassy, December 15, 2010, p. 15 (Available for purchase)

Toward a Nuclear Weapons Convention: A Role for Canada, Apr 2011

April 11-12, 2011
Brittany Salon, Cartier Place Suite Hotel, 180 Cooper Street, Ottawa, ON

Summary Report: Toward a Nuclear Weapons Convention: A Role for Canada (pdf in english)

Recommendations: (in english; Vers une convention de l’interdiction des armes nucléaires : un rôle pour le Canada: en français)


April 11: “Implementing the UN Secretary-General’s Five Point Proposal for Nuclear Disarmament”

Program: [here: pdf]

HeadTable podium panaudience

Keynote Speaker: H.E. Ambassador Sergio de Queiroz Duarte, U.N. High Representative for Disarmament “Implementing the UN Secretary-General’s Five Point Proposal for Nuclear Disarmament” [here: pdf]

Chairpersons: The Hon. Douglas J. Roche O.C., Former Canadian Ambassador for Disarmament and Mr. Ernie Regehr, O.C., Research Fellow, Institute of Peace and Conflict Studies, Conrad Grebel University College, University of Waterloo

Respondents:

  • Ambassador Werner Brandstetter, Embassy of Austria [here: pdf]
  • Counsellor Julian Juarez, Embassy of Mexico [here: pdf]
  • Mr. Nicolas Brühl, Deputy Head of Mission, Embassy of Switzerland [here: pdf]
  • Mr. Clive Wright, Head of Foreign Policy Team, British High Commission, Ottawa [here: pdf]

Acknowledgements: We express our sincere gratitude to the sponsors of this seminar: Canadian Network toAbolish Nuclear Weapons, Canadian Pugwash Group, Physicians for Global Survival,Project Ploughshares, and World Federalist Movement – Canada.


April 12: “Experts’ Seminar”

Agenda: [here: pdf]
Theme: The Final Document of the 2010 NPT Review Conference took note of the UNSecretary-General’s Five-Point Proposal for Nuclear Disarmament, which proposes, inter alia, “consideration of negotiations on a Nuclear Weapons Convention or agreement on a framework of separate mutually reinforcing instruments backed by a strong system ofverification.”

This seminar is being held to develop a broadly shared understanding of the mainelements and requirements for a global convention to prohibit nuclear weapons; to buildCanadian capacity in the expert and disarmament advocacy community on key issues linkedto advancing the global movement toward a nuclear weapons convention; and to engage theGovernment of Canada to encourage early and concrete support for working toward aNuclear Weapons Convention.


Legal Aspects of a Nuclear Weapons Convention

Elements of a legal architecture for a nuclear weapons prohibition/framework of agreements.Implications of an International Humanitarian Law approach to progress on NWC

Dr John Burroughs
Dr Erika Simpson
Dr Michael Byers

Chairperson: Dr. Erika Simpson, Department of Political Science, University of Western Ontario and Vice-Chair, Canadian Pugwash Group

Speakers : Dr. John Burroughs, Lawyers Committee on Nuclear Policy [here: pdf] Dr. Michael Byers, Canada Research Chair in Global Politics and International Law,Department of Political Science, University of British Columbia [here: pdf]


Verification and Compliance Aspects of a Nuclear Weapons Convention

Dr Trevor Findlay
Ms Peggy Mason
Mr Jo Sletback

Chairperson:  Ms. Peggy Mason, former Canadian Ambassador for Disarmament and Advisory BoardChair, Canadian Centre for Treaty Compliance, Carleton University

Speakers:  Dr. Trevor Findlay, Director, Canadian Centre for Treaty Compliance [here: pptx (original) pdf] Mr.  Jo Sletbak, Minister Counsellor/Deputy Head of Mission, Royal Norwegian Embassy [here: pdf]


Luncheon Keynote

Amb. Richard Butler
Ms Bev Delong

Chairperson: Ms. Bev Delong, Canadian Network to Abolish Nuclear Weapons

Guest Speaker: H.E. Ambassador Richard Butler, A.C., Chairperson, Middle Powers Initiative [here: pdf]


Political and Security Requirements for a Nuclear Weapons Convention

How can security relationships be used as stepping stones toward a NWC?Delegitimizing Nuclear Weapons through Nuclear Weapons-Free Zones, and Nuclear Doctrines

Mr Ernie Regehr
Mr Simon Rosenblum
Mr Simon Rosenblum, Mr Ernie Regehr, Hon. Landon Pearson

Chairperson: The Honourable Landon Pearson, O.C., member, Canadians for a Nuclear Weapons Convention

Speakers: Mr. Ernie Regehr, O.C., Research Fellow, Institute of Peace and Conflict Studies,Conrad Grebel University College, University of Waterloo; Fellow, The Simons Foundation [here: pdf] Mr. Simon Rosenblum, World Federalist Movement – Canada [here: pdf]


 Roundtable on the Role of Canada

Mr Paul Meyer, Dr Adele Buckley, Hon Douglas Roche

Chairperson: Dr. Adele Buckley, Past Chair, Canadian Pugwash Group

Speakers: Mr. Paul Meyer, former Ambassador for Disarmament; Fellow in International Security,Centre for Dialogue, Simon Fraser University; Senior Fellow, The Simons Foundation [here: pdf] The Honourable Douglas J. Roche, O.C., former Ambassador for Disarmament [here: pdf]


Acknowledgements

Organizing committee:The Honourable Douglas J. Roche, O.C.Mr. Ernie Regehr, O.C.Dr. Dale Dewar, Executive Director, Physicians for Global SurvivalDr. Trevor Findlay, Executive Director, Canadian Centre for Treaty ComplianceMr. Fergus Watt, Executive Director, World Federalists Movement – CanadaMr. Cesar Jaramillo, Program Associate, Project PloughsharesMs. Bev Tollefson Delong, Chairperson, Canadian Network to Abolish Nuclear Weapons

Advisors: Amb. (Ret.) Paul Meyer, Mr. Murray Thomson, O.C. and the late Dr. Michael WallaceAdministrative support: Project Ploughshares

Sponsors: Canadian Network to Abolish Nuclear Weapons, Canadian Pugwash Group,Physicians for Global Survival, Project Ploughshares, World Federalist Movement – Canada

Funders: Canadian Pugwash Group, Canadians for a Nuclear Weapons Convention, Lawyersfor Social Responsibility, Physicians for Global Survival, Project Ploughshares, Science for Peace,Sisters of Service of Canada, anonymous donor.